Emmer (T. turgidum subsp. dicoccum). Domesticated emmer, known as farro in Italy, and shippon in Ancient Israel, was domesticated in the Southern Fertile Crescent and cultivated in ancient times throughout the Middle East and Old Europe. It was the only wheat used in ancient Egypt and was used to make the first matzah. Emmer is higher in crude protein than bread wheat but has low dough extensibility, emmer dough does not stretch and rise like bread wheat; for that reason emmer makes excellent pasta. Emmer wheat as an ancient wheat is rich in fiber, protein, minerals, carotenoids, antioxidant compounds, and vitamins, emmer is a complete protein source when combined with legumes, making emmer pasta ideal for vegetarians or for anyone simply wanting a plant-based high-quality protein source.